How many children are receiving treatment for ADHD?

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      Kim
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      How many children are receiving treatment for ADHD?
      Treatment for ADHD can include behavior therapy and medication. For children 6 years of age and older, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends both behavior therapy and medication as good options, preferably both together. For young children (under 6 years of age) with ADHD, behavior therapy is recommended as the first line of treatment, before medication is tried.  Read more about the recommendations

      There are no comprehensive data on ADHD treatment from a single source. CDC uses parent report and healthcare claims data to understand treatment patterns. Estimates for treatment patterns can differ based on the type of data source.

      Parent report:

      In 2016:

      The percent of all children 2-17 years of age in the U.S. taking ADHD medication was 5.2%. [Read articleexternal icon]
      Among children with ADHD, 62% were taking ADHD medication. [Read articleexternal icon]Ages 2-5: 18%
      Ages 6-11:  69%
      Ages 12-17: 62%
      The percent of children 2-17 years of age with ADHD who received behavioral treatment was 47%. [Read articleexternal icon]Ages 2-5: 60%
      Ages 6-11:  51%
      Ages 12-17: 42%
      Among children 2-17 years of age with current ADHD, about 77% were receiving treatment. [Read articleexternal icon] Of these children:About 30% were treated with medication alone.
      About 15% received behavioral treatment alone.
      About 32% children with ADHD received both medication treatment and behavioral treatment,
      About 23% children with ADHD were receiving neither medication treatment nor behavioral treatment.
      More Information on Treatment and Services for Children with ADHD Ages 4-17 (2014)

      Among children with ADHD, parents reported that just under 9 out of 10 children received school support at some point in their lives, which includes school accommodations and help in the classroom. [Read key findings]
      Among children with ADHD, 6 out of 10 children received some type of psychosocial treatment at some point in their lives: [Read key findings]3 out of 10 received parent-delivered behavior therapy.
      4 out of 10 received social skills training.
      3 out of 10 received peer interventions.
      2 out of 10 received cognitive behavioral therapy.
      Among children with ADHD, parents also reported on alternative treatments: [Read key findings]About 1 out of 10 children received neurofeedback.
      About 2 out of 10 children had taken dietary supplements.
      State-based Information about ADHD medication treatment (2007-2012)

      Healthcare claims data:

      In addition to parent report, healthcare claims data from Medicaid or employer-sponsored insurance provide another way to understand treatment patterns:

      About 3 in 4 children ages 2-5 years with ADHD recorded in their health care claims from 2008-2014 received ADHD medication, and fewer than half received any form of psychological services. [Read article]
      During 2008–2011, children ages 2–5 years covered by Medicaid were twice as likely to receive clinical care for ADHD compared with similar-aged children covered by commercial employer sponsored insurance.

       

      BY https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html

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