Developmental milestones record

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      Developmental milestones record
      Developmental milestones are behaviors or physical skills seen in infants and children as they grow and develop. Rolling over, crawling, walking, and talking are all considered milestones. The milestones are different for each age range.

      There is a normal range in which a child may reach each milestone. For example, walking may begin as early as 8 months in some children. Others walk as late as 18 months and it is still considered normal.

      One of the reasons for well-child visits to the health care provider in the early years is to follow your child’s development. Most parents also watch for different milestones. Talk to your child’s provider if you have concerns about your child’s development.

      Closely watching a “checklist” or calendar of developmental milestones may trouble parents if their child is not developing normally. At the same time, milestones can help to identify a child who needs a more detailed check-up. Research has shown that the sooner the developmental services are started, the better the outcome. Examples of developmental services include: speech therapy, physical therapy, and developmental preschool.

      Below is a general list of some of the things you might see children doing at different ages. These are NOT precise guidelines. There are many different normal paces and patterns of development.

      Infant — birth to 1 year

      Able to drink from a cup
      Able to sit alone, without support
      Displays social smile
      Gets first tooth
      Plays peek-a-boo
      Pulls self to standing position
      Rolls over by self
      Says mama and dada, using terms appropriately
      Understands “NO” and will stop activity in response
      Walks while holding on to furniture or other support

      Toddler — 1 to 3 years

      Able to feed self neatly, with minimal spilling
      Able to draw a line (when shown one)
      Able to run, pivot, and walk backwards
      Able to say first and last name
      Able to walk up and down stairs
      Begins pedaling tricycle
      Can name pictures of common objects and point to body parts
      Dresses self with only a little bit of help
      Imitates speech of others, “echoes” word back
      Learns to share toys (without adult direction)
      Learns to take turns (if directed) while playing with other children
      Masters walking
      Recognizes and labels colors appropriately
      Recognizes differences between males and females
      Uses more words and understands simple commands
      Uses spoon to feed self

      Preschooler — 3 to 6 years

      Able to draw a circle and square
      Able to draw stick figures with two to three features for people
      Able to skip
      Balances better, may begin to ride a bicycle
      Begins to recognize written words, reading skills start
      Catches a bounced ball
      Enjoys doing most things independently, without help
      Enjoys rhymes and word play
      Hops on one foot
      Rides tricycle well
      Starts school
      Understands size concepts
      Understands time concepts

      School-age child — 6 to 12 years

      Begins gaining skills for team sports such as soccer, T-ball, or other team sports
      Begins to lose “baby” teeth and get permanent teeth
      Girls begin to show growth of armpit and pubic hair, breast development
      Menarche (first menstrual period) may occur in girls
      Peer recognition begins to become important
      Reading skills develop further
      Routines important for daytime activities
      Understands and is able to follow several directions in a row

      Adolescent — 12 to 18 years

      Adult height, weight, sexual maturity
      Boys show growth of armpit, chest, and pubic hair; voice changes; and testicles/penis enlarge
      Girls show growth of armpit and pubic hair; breasts develop; menstrual periods start
      Peer acceptance and recognition is of vital importance
      Understands abstract concepts

      *** By MedilinePlus

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